The use of devices to convert current from AC to DC has spread to all types of sectors. These devices include all those that are installed in the electrical grid itself to automatically absorb non-sinusoidal currents.
Service facilities have become a routine user of this type of solution. These facilities include HVAC, lighting, internal mobility systems (lifts, escalators and conveyor belts), electric vehicle charging systems and computer systems such as UPS, computers and monitors. This technology is a source of harmonics that causes a number of problems in electrical installations.
These harmonics are circulating currents that are multiples of the base 50- or 60-Hz current, which can cause a series of issues in the electrical installation itself.
The most common effects they produce are:
- Trips of protective devices, causing unwanted service outages.
- Damage to computer systems, affecting the correct operation of payment systems.
- Degradation of insulation in equipment and wiring, leading to premature ageing.
- Overheating of conductors, transformers and motors, affecting their performance.