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Spain ranks fifth for electric vehicle charging points

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Electric cars are an increasingly frequent sight in our cities. Spain is now the fifth most prolific country in Europe for zero-emission vehicles.

FD 5pais VE cargadorWhen sales of these vehicles began to take off, there were not so many charging points as there are now. Spain now has 3,856 public charging points for electric cars.

It is thanks to those charging points that Spain has the fifth largest infrastructure globally for these vehicles. The data were collected by Unieléctrica, based on figures from electromaps.com and the Spanish Institute of Statistics.

The United States occupies first place for infrastructure, followed by France in second, Germany in third and Holland in fourth.

New users of electric cars are recommended to find out all possible information from institutions and to ask in dealerships. Primary, they must be sure before buying whether they can charge their vehicle adequately in their location. The availability of charging points varies across the country. For example, in the region of Catalonia there are 939 charging points, and in Madrid there are 453.

Eco-friendly cars are becoming more popular across the globe. Numerous Governments across the world are supporting sustainable mobility. What once seemed impossible is now a reality; many companies are pursuing eco-friendly transport, and the number of private charging points is on the rise.

How do I charge my electric car?

All you need to do is connect your car to a charging point. You can usually find the cable in the boot of your electric vehicle. Once it is connected, the charging programme will begin automatically. The LED lights will indicate when charging begins and some cars have a charging current programme.

For the optimum charging of the battery of your electric car, you should be aware of the two different types of plugs. Around 30 models of zero-emission vehicles on the market have a type 2 “Mennekes” plug, which has been EU standard since 2013, designed by the alternative electrical charging company Mennekes.

For a quick charge, the Japanese electrical and automotive industry developed for 2019 the CHAdeMo connector. It is mostly used in Asia, but certain European electric car models are now using this kind of plug.

If you have an adaptor you can also charge your electric car battery at home, but only in an emergency, because domestic electricity infrastructure is not suitable for extended charging.

Recommendations for charging zero-emission vehicles

Tipo 2 ó Mennekes (IEC 62196-2)To fully charge your electric car battery, you need to ask two key questions: What kind of charging? What kind of plug?

Choose the charging mode (full or quick) according to your needs.
Get to know the models of electric cars and charging points in your city.


Link of interest: Move to zero-emission cars! They offer so many advantages.


 

Smart equipment and Systems
for electric vehicle charging

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es en de fr pt

How to avoid penalties on electricity bills (industry and services)

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If you run a business, one of the things you will be concerned with is your electricity bill. You will no doubt have heard of reactive energy and how it can affect the cost of your final bill. But what exactly is this type of energy?

What is reactive energy?

So-called reactive energy is the electrical energy that certain electrical appliances and units take from and return to the grid without using it. This means it is not actual consumption, although there is a cost to utility companies as they have to generate and transport it, which is why this energy can be found on your bill, especially when it accounts for a high percentage of consumption.

This type of energy is mostly required by units that generate a magnetic field in order to work. While private properties may have practically no reactive energy consumption, for businesses it can be a significant expense and occasionally a source of problems.

There are steps you can take to lower the penalties imposed for the reactive energy required by the units you have installed, thus correcting the so-called power factor. This factor measures the ratio between active power (actual operating power) and the total power consumed or the apparent power. Its value will be 1 or less, representing the actual efficiency of the electricity consumption. The ideal power factor value is therefore 1, which would imply a better use of energy.

  


This type of energy is mostly required by units that
generate a magnetic field in order to work

 

How to cut your electricity bill by reducing reactive energy

There are different measures that can be implemented to bring the power factor value as close as possible to 1. One of the options you will have to consider, if you haven't already, is installing a capacitor bank, consisting mainly of a regulator, contactors and capacitors.

The presence of harmonics in the facility must also be assessed, installing a harmonic filter whenever necessary. These elements are generated as a result of a distortion of the electrical current caused by certain electronic units. The problem is that the resonance they can generate ends up causing damage, such as overheating or system degradation.

In any case, a thorough study of the electrical facility would have to be carried out and any possible damage, especially to the capacitors, repaired. You should therefore consult an expert who can advise you on the best options for your facility.

In short, reactive energy can be a major expense in a company's electricity bill, making it vital to reduce this type of consumption in order to save unnecessary costs. Please contact us if you would like an expert to review and study your facility with a view to cutting your electricity bills. Our experts will be happy to answer any questions you may have.

Control your expenses and your facility

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CEM-C. Electrical energy meters with built-in communication
Complete solution for energy consumption management

The meters in the CEM-C series are units for assembly on DIN rail, designed to take electrical energy readings. They can be used to manage energy consumption information for any type of industrial, commercial or production line facility. The units can report all information to our PowerStudio SCADA system via RS-485 communications (Modbus RTU) in order to prepare and automatically send simulated electricity bills, thus allowing energy costs to be distributed among different users. Moreover, the units report the electrical variables required for complete management of the facility.
CEM-C
Anti-Fraud System
All CEM-C energy meters are fitted with an anti-fraud system which uses sealable covers to prevent any tampering with the wiring. Moreover, all the units accumulate the power in a single log, preventing erroneous readings due to incorrect wiring or attempted fraud.
More than just energy metering
CEM-C units can also be used as power analyzers and installed in facilities with direct or indirect connection, depending on the model. Not only do they manage active or reactive energy, they also measure voltage, current, power, cosφ and other electrical variables in order to check that the facility works correctly.
Applications
CEM-C energy meters are designed for energy sub-metering applications. All CEM-C meters are designed according to current regulations for billing meters (IEC 62052- 11, IEC 62053-21 and IEC 62053-23). The main applications of the CEM-C range are: Airports, Large-scale infrastructure, Shopping centres and major retail outlets, Hotels and industry.
  • Multi-user supplies requiring brokendown cost allocation.
  • Control of manufacturing costs by calculating the energy cost for the final product.
  • Allocation of energy, manufacturing hours and CO2 emissions per facility or production process (for CEM-C21 and CEM-C31 only).
CEM-C5
CEM-C5
Direct single-phase meter up to 50 A
(1 module)
Datasheet
CEM-C6
CEM-C6
Direct single-phase meter up to 100 A
(1 module)
Datasheet
CEM-C21
CEM-C21
Direct three-phase meter up to 65 A
(3 modules)
Datasheet
CEM-C31
CEM-C31
Indirect three-phase meter .../5 A
(3 modules)
Datasheet

REC4. Comfort at home, continuity in infrastructures

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Earth leakage protection is one of the most important systems in electrical installation safety.

Circuit breakers must always trip whenever a dangerous leakage level for humans is reached or they can cause economic losses to electrical installations. That said, these elements do not only trip on occasions caused by leakage in the installation, but due to external factors too, such as thunderstorms which frequently occur.

Self-reclosing RCCB devices are circuit-breakers with a built-in motor, whose function is to reclose if there is no permanent leakage in the installation.

This article presents a new design in Circutor's REC series, the REC4, as well as highlighting the benefits of installing such a device.

The device

FD REC4 3-en

The new REC4 is a development of its predecessor, REC3, in terms of size, while maintaining all its features. The device now takes up only a 3-module space, which means that it can be easily installed in new or existing electrical panels.

It is also the ideal solution for panels with limited space, replacing the standard earth leakage protection (2 modules) and the thermal magnetic circuit breaker (2 modules) with the REC4 (3 modules) and a unipolar thermal magnetic circuit breaker (1 module), also referred to as DPN. Automatic reclosing is therefore incorporated by taking up the same space, avoiding the need to enlarge the electrical panel.

REC4

The REC4 also includes the possibility to cancel the reclosing system by selecting manual or automatic mode, and may be sealed up to prevent tampering during maintenance work or once in operation.

Once installed, it has LED indicators to quickly, visually check its status (ON/triggered/reclosing) at all times.

To ensure full personal safety, the device is equipped with protective insulation, which deactivates the automatic reclosing system in the event of direct contact during handling, thus avoiding any injuries during start-up or maintenance work.

Its installation is really simple, since its compact size allows it to be fitted as a current circuit breaker, and the user does not need to make any type of connection between the circuit breaker and the motor, as it is completely built into its housing.

Maximum continuity, minimum space

FD REC4 espacio-en
 
The REC4 is a device designed for all those installations where service continuity is essential. As you will notice, there are many possible uses for Circutor's self-reclosing RCCB device, which is suitable for any type of electrical installation thanks to its compact dimensions.
Comfort at home

The REC4's functions make it particularly well-designed for domestic use, where most loads are single-phase. More and more devices operate autonomously and are controlled remotely. This is why RCCB tripping may cause several household problems.

FD REC4 vivienda1When we are away from home on holiday and the circuit breaker trips, the cables connecting electrical appliances such as fridges to the mains may become damaged, causing the contents of the fridge to get spoilt in a matter of hours. This problem causes economic losses in having to get rid of food and make us waste time cleaning it and switching it on again.

FD REC4 vivienda2Another example of the way the REC4 self-reclosing RCCB can be used is to prevent tripping from disconnecting the home's burglar alarm, leaving the premises unprotected against vandalism and theft. Installations such as air conditioning, lighting, garden irrigation or pool maintenance are also remotely controlled nowadays by mobile devices. The device will help us to keep them working at all times, avoiding surprises on arriving home or at our second residence, the latter being possibly the most important case for our self-reclosing RCCB device.

FD REC4 infra1

However, the advantages are not just restricted to guaranteeing constant functioning of household appliances when we are away from home. There will be numerous occasions on which we will appreciate the REC4 self-reclosing device, e.g. when the lights suddenly go out at home, sparing us the discomfort of moving in the dark to the mains panel to flip the switch.

Continuity in infrastructures

The main reason to equip infrastructures with the REC4 circuit breaker is to maximise single-phase load service continuity. The device will reclose almost instantly as long as there is no permanent leakage, avoiding shutdowns in different systems that lead to substantial economic losses which must be avoided at all costs.

FD REC4 infra2Wherever equipment is operating autonomously from a remote location, Circutor's self-reclosing RCCB will safely reclose in the event of protections tripping.

In the event of transient leakage tripping, the system will ensure that the installation continues to operate normally. On the other hand, if permanent leakage is really occurring, the system will try to reclose up to three times and if it the leakage persists, reclosing will not be completed, leaving the circuit open for a specialist to inspect it.

FD REC4 infra3For example, in the telecommunications industry it is very common to have different antennas spread over the country, with some of them located far away or inaccessible. A downtime in this type of infrastructure could lead to losses of around €30,000/min for the company, in addition to the cost and inconvenience of displacing personnel to the site to simply flip the switch.

Other examples along these lines would be public lighting installations, guaranteeing that the lighting system works in the city or on the roads, or the reclosing of low-cost petrol station facilities that do not have personnel on site to manually carry out reclosing. Instead of moving to locations to restore normal operation, the REC4 would restore the installation's proper functioning.

FD REC4 infra4As regards the services sector, having the self-reclosing RCCB would be an important asset in systems like lighting, air-conditioning, surveillance camera networks or uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) to keep them working at all times, both in small establishments and large stores or shopping centres.


Discover how it functions and how to install it

 

More information: Self-reclosing RCCB

 

Smart charging points: the best option for your residential complex

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Electric vehicles are becoming more and more widespread, leading to the need for smart charging points to ensure operation. These charging points can be installed in a wide range of places, including the residential complex in which you live.

Where to charge an electric car

The electric vehicle has arrived, and is destined to play a major role in vehicle fleets in the not too distant future. Adaptation to this new type of vehicle must therefore start now. Just as with fuel-powered cars, electric cars need to be topped up. Charging points –which are becoming increasingly commonplace in cities– are therefore essential.

These points from which to charge your electric car can be located indoors or outdoors and can be either private top-up points or part of a public network. In this regard, an excellent option for your residential complex would be to install a smart charging point where sustainable vehicles can top up their batteries. You will be able to charge your vehicle every day without any problems.

What are smart charging systems?

What exactly are these systems? These charging points allow vehicles to be topped up efficiently. The system combines an electric charging unit with a series of parameters to ensure the vehicle’s battery is topped up at certain times of the day. It is a smart system, which charges batteries based on the cost of electricity throughout the day or at times of lower electric consumption in the building.

Furthermore, this smart charging system keeps track of which users top up their vehicles at the charging point and how quickly each electric vehicle must be charged. These points are ideal for charging your electric car.

Benefits of installing a charging point in your residential complex

You may ask what use a charging point is in your residential complex if there is already a public network. Public networks are not yet very widespread, meaning a top-up point such as this ensures your vehicle can be charged every night. In fact, by morning it will be fully charged and ready to use.

Moreover, the smart system is equipped with user identification to prevent unauthorised use. It should also be remembered that having a charging point in your residential complex will avoid the need to queue up and wait at public top-up points.

As you can see, electric vehicles are the future and require a place to recharge. Smart charging points are therefore an excellent idea in all residential complexes. Do not hesitate to contact us if you would like more information or advice.

Smart charging points for residential complex

Do you know how to detect electrical fraud in an agile, cheap and simple way?

on .

The easiest portable system for real-time fraud detection

MyCLAMP is a current clamp designed for the electrical fraud detection in Low Voltage overhead powerlines. By installing its free app together with bluetooth communications system,
the device allows you to compare the incoming current of any home with the outgoing current from the billing meter, detecting immediately any type of anomaly or fraud that may exist.

 

The Type 2 or Mennekes connector for electric vehicle charging

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There are several types of connectors for electric vehicle charging. In this article, we describe each of them, making special emphasis on Type 2 or Mennekes, which is the predominant in Europe.

Type 2 or Mennekes (IEC 62196-2)

Typo 2 or Mennekes (IEC 62196-2)

It is commonly known as Mennekes, which is the name of the first brand that commercialized it. It is approved as a European standard.

As the electric car becomes more widespread, many brands are adapting to use it in European territory. However, a valid solution is to use a cable with two connectors. Thus, at one end, the appropriate connector is placed on the car's recharging socket and at the other end, the European connector.

It is an AC charger used in a variety of EV models, such as BMW i3i8BYD E6Tesla Model SRenault Zoe, plug-in hybrid Volvo V60VW E-upAudi A3 E-tron, plug-in Mercedes S500, hybrid Plug-in VW Golf, Porsche Panamera and Renault Kangoo ZE.

Type 2 connectors allow single-phase charging up to 16 A and three-phase charging up to 63 A, which translates to a power output of 3.5 kW and 44kW, respectively.

Its pin distribution is similar to Type 1, but in this case, two more pins are included, which correspond to the two additional phases necessary for three-phase charging.

 


If you are thinking about purchasing an electric vehicle and you live in Europe, this is the connector that you will most likely be using.


 

Other types of connector to recharge the electric car

  • Schuko
    It is the usual plug you have at home or in the office. In addition to being in the vast majority of domestic applications, it is very common to find it on motorcycles and electric bicycles. It is also used in some electric cars, such as the Twizy.
  • Type 1 (SAE J1772)
    Type 1 (SAE J1772) This is the Japanese standard for electric vehicle charging in alternating current (also adopted by countries in North America and accepted by the EU). It is in models such as Opel AmperaNissan ENV200Nissan LeafMitsubishi iMievMitsubishi Outlander or Peugeot iON.
  • Type 3
    It was created in 2010, but it has lost the battle against the Type 2 model, and is currently in disuse.
  • CHʌdeMO
    CHʌdeMO It was developed by a Japanese association and is designed for rapid DC loads that can supply up to 50 kW of power with a current that can reach 125 A.
  • Combo 2 connector (IEC-62196-3)
    Combo 2 connector (IEC-62196-3) It offers the possibility of charging in modes 2, 3 and 4 through a single output. Vehicles from manufacturers like Audi, BMW, Porsche and Volkswagen incorporate it.

For more information about electric vehicle charging and about every connector, please contact us. 

 

Smart equipment and Systems
for electric vehicle charging

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es en de fr pt

Check each parameter of your electrical installation

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New needs in the sector

The new CVM-E3-MINI analyser is specially designed to carry out the best electrical and energy variable management in any type of installation, adapting to new international standards for measuring and managing energy efficiency.

In line with the latest international standards, such as European Directive 27/2012/EU or National Electric Code 56/2016 (in Spain), the unit provides the user with the level of CO2 emissions of the installation, line or machine, as well as the monetary cost of the energy consumed or generated in each situation.

Check each parameter of your electrical installation
Everything that you need to know about your installation
  • Measures and calculates any parameter in your electrical network
    The CVM-E3-MINI provides real-time measurements of more than 250 electrical parameters, including energies, cost and emissions, both in terms of consumption and generation. The unit measures the maximum and minimum RMS values of any instantaneous variable, as well as the harmonic breakdown up to the 31st harmonic.
  • Separates the consumption of two sources of energy
    The unit features a digital input for changing the tariff. In this way, the unit is able to save the incremental values of two sources of energy, either from the electrical network or the auxiliary energy generation system (fuel generator or UPS).
Manages your installation

It measures the operating times in order to carry out the necessary preventive maintenance of the elements of the line or machine in which it is installed. In this way, the person in charge of maintenance is able to replace all elements that could cause faults before they occur, preventing production line downtimes and the indirect costs associated with this.

The device features a transistor output for interacting with the system once an alarm associated with an instantaneous parameter appears, fully programmable by the person in charge of maintenance.

Prevents configuration errors
The unit can be configured via the free software PowerStudio. This software also allows any wiring issues on the device to be resolved remotely, without having to wait to stop production, thus avoiding erroneous data in the readings.
  • It resolves current transformer installation errors
    If a current transformer has been installed incorrectly, the unit will provide incorrect measurements. Using the software, it is possible to rotate a transformer without having to physically modify the wiring, thus avoiding reading errors and any electrical risk, as it is not necessary to interact with the power system.
  • It resolves voltage and current correspondence errors
    If the voltage connections are not on the same line as the current transformers, the unit will show erroneous values in the cosφ and power factor measurement, resulting in an erroneous power and energy reading. Via the software, it is possible to change the position of the voltage phases so that they correspond to the current phases without having to physically modify the wiring, thus avoiding reading errors and any electrical risk, as it is not necessary to interact with the power system.
Increased safety
The new CVM-E3-MINI features a new Plug&ON system with plug-in terminals to facilitate the installation of the device. These terminals are totally protected by sealable terminal strip covers to avoid any tampering or accidental disconnection due to the voltage of the wiring itself.

Increased safety

More versatility
The unit features an integrated Modbus RTU and BACnet protocol, providing versatility in terms of its installation in different types of installations, both in buildings and in industry settings. For those installations in which it is necessary to install the unit in panel format, the CVM-E3-MINI features a 72x72 mm adaptor for any assembly requirements.

More versatility

The best visibility
It ensures the correct display of data for distances of up to 3 m, avoiding having to open the panel to check any electrical parameter.

 

The best visibility


"Without a doubt, the new image of the CVM-E3-MINI power analyser from CIRCUTOR
is in keeping with current times and its features also respond to the needs of the sector."

 

More information: Three-phase power analyzer for DIN rail

 

Do you know how to compensate instantaneously without worrying about harmonics?

on .

For all those installations where it is necessary to compensate instantaneously reactive energy, both inductive and capacitive without the need to install power capacitors, the solution is SVG series (Static Var Generator).

There are very particular cases where conventional capacitor banks cannot compensate the totality of the installation's reactive power or are not able to work properly due to network characteristics. The new SVG devices are capable of compensating instantaneously reactive energy in order to make an accurate adjustment of the cosϕ, avoiding penalties in the electric bill for both excess reactive inductive and capacitive energy (depending on the tariff system of each country).

The principle of operation of a Static Var Generator is to inject current in the opposite direction to that consumed by the installation, adjusting the cosϕ instantaneously, with a response time of 20 ms. In this way the device avoids the installation of power capacitors and all possible resonance effects in the network (increase of THD% level) that can damage the components of the installation.

This makes SVG ideal for its installation in situations where conventional equipment cannot compensate or work properly:

  • Installations with fluctuating loads
  • Installations with capacitive loads
  • Installations with unbalanced consumption (difference in consumption on each phase)
  • Installations with high harmonic distortion levels (THD%)
  • Lines with constant voltage fluctuations

 

SVG

 

More information: SVG. Static Var Generator  

 

video SVG
Video SVG. Static Var Generator

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